How to Install and Use Linux on Chromebook

After Microsoft introduced Linux Subsystem to Windows 10, Google has also introduced Linux on Chromebooks with Terminal and Container support. So, now you can install and use Linux on your Chromebook. But be warned, you may encounter minor bugs as Linux on Chromebook is still in beta phase.

This addition of Linux on Chromebook is definitely going to benefit programmers, software developers and IT Administrators. With Linux support, you can test Linux programs and games on your Chromebook. You just need to enable Linux support from Settings and you are done. So, in this tutorial, we are going to show you how to enable and use Linux on Chromebook.

SEE ALSO: How to Sideload Android Apps on Chromebook without Developer Mode?

Install and Use Linux on Your Chromebook

Before we start, let’s make it clear that Linux support is not available on all Chromebooks. And if you want to know if your Chromebook supports Linux, you can go here. Roughly, if your Chromebook was launched after year 2019, it will probably have Linux support. Besides that, you also need to update your Chrome OS to the latest version to install and use Linux on your Chromebook. Let’s check the steps in details.

Step 1: Open Settings on your Chromebook

First of all, open Quick Settings Menu on your Chromebook. Here, click on the Settings icon on the top to open Settings on your Chromebook.

Click On Settings Icon From Quick Settings Panel
Click on Settings icon from Quick Settings Panel

Step 2: Enable and Install Linux on Your Chromebook

In Settings select Linux (Beta) from left pane. Now, on the right side, click on Turn on button to enable Linux support on your Chromebook.

Select Linux Beta From Left Pane And Click Turn On To Install Linux On Chromebook
Select Linux Beta from Left Pane and click Turn On

Linux setup will start. Click on Install button to start installation of Linux on your Chromebook. Setup will now download and install required files on your Chromebook.

Click On Install Button To Install Linux On Your Chromebook
Click on Install

Step 3: Use Linux on Chromebook

After the Linux installation is completed on your Chromebook, start the Linux Terminal. You can open it from the launcher. We suggest that you update Linux apt package list by using following command:

sudo apt-get update
Update Apt Package List Via Linux Terminal
Update APT Package List

You can also run following command to update all installed Linux apps to latest version.

sudo apt-get upgrade

SEE ALSO:
1. A to Z list of Windows CMD Commands?
2. Top 10 Cool Command Prompt Tricks?


Step 4: Install Linux App on your Chromebook

Let’s test Linux apps on your Chromebook. We will install open source photo editor GIMP as our first Linux app. Use following command to install GIMP on Linux in your Chromebook.

sudo apt-get install gimp

Installation may take some time depending upon your internet speed.

Install Gimp Editor Via Linux Terminal On Chromebook
Install GIMP Editor via Linux Terminal

After installation is complete, you can open it from terminal itself by typing gimp command. Alternatively, you can launch it from Chromebook’s app drawer.

Launch Gimp Photo Editor From App Drawer In Chromebook
Launch GIMP Photo Editor from App Drawer

Step 5: Install Gnome Software Center on Chromebook

Besides normal Linux apps, you can also install Gnome Software Center in Linux on your Chromebook. Type following command in Linux terminal and hit Enter button.

sudo apt-get install gnome-software gnome-packagekit
Install Linux Software Center On Your Chromebook Via Linux Terminal
Install Gnome Software Center

After successful installation, you can see Gnome Software Center in app drawer with name “Software“.

Launch Software Center From App Drawer In Chrome Os
Launch Software Center from App Drawer

Step 6: Transfer Files Between Linux and Chrome OS

Chrome OS and Linux both use different types of file systems. So, you can not access Linux files on your Chromebook directly and vice versa. You will have to manually copy files from Chrome OS to Linux via File Manager.

Copy Files From Chrome Os To Linux On Your Chromebook
Copy Files from Chrome OS to Linux

Besides, directly copying your files to Linux, you can also just share them like file sharing in Windows. Right-click on the folder you want to share with Linux and select Share with Linux. Now, go to Linux and you can access shared folder at following path:

mnt/chromeos/myfiles/downloads
Share Folder From Chrome OS To Linux And Access Via Mount
Share Folder from Chrome OS to Linux

SEE ALSO: How to Install Windows 10 on Chromebook?

Enable and Use Linux on Your Chromebook

Above tutorial explained how you can enable, install and use Linux on your Chromebook. Besides that we have also explained how you can install Linux apps along with Linux Software Store in Chromebook. Plus you can access your Chrome OS files on Linux as well by copying them or by mounting them as shared folder.

Hope you liked this tutorial. Feel free to share your queries and suggestions in the comment section down below. You may also want to subscribe to our newsletter for getting latest tutorials directly into your inbox.

Editorial Staff

Hi there, we are the editorial staff at HELLPC Tutorials. We are a team of funny and technical people. Feel free to get in touch with us via Contact-Us page.

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